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Alcaçar imperial dela fama del muy yllustrissimo señor el gran capitan con la coronacion, y otras coplas de arte mayor y real, en las quales se declaran las quatro partidas del mundo.


Diego de Gumiel (Printer)

Origin: Valencia, XVI c.
Biblioteca de la Universidad de Zaragoza

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ISBN 10:
ISBN 13:
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AN-7-5ª-10 (2)
Facsimile. Old Books. Collection of Incunabula and Old Books.


14,5 x 20 cm.
29+3 crd.
58+6 crd.
17th November 1514.
16th February 2012.
Parchment on wooden board.
Presentation dust jacket cloth lined with gold engraved leather spine containing facsimile.
Numbered by notary and signed by the printer-publisher.
Specially made laid paper.
Optional: Study in Spanish: author yet to be determined. Included in
Bibliofilia Antigua XIV.
Only known copy in the world

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From the author know the fact that he was encouraged to leave us in his own work: that was from Córdoba, to which he devotes an enthusiastic poem: Here the author puts the praise of his land: “Oh source where born: all sciencia | oh flower of cities: the world crown | oh Córdoba mother...” If we trust that we will believe his words travelled throughout the known world in his time. Anyway what is certain is that he made a trip to the Holy Land, whose story partly in verse, included in the Alcaçar imperial has received special attention from students of travel writing. He has also admitted his status as a chronicler and his special relationship with the House of Aguilar and therefore with the city of Valencia (hence perhaps the impression of the work in this city), which devotes a significant amount of verses against those engaged elsewhere when returning account: “vi tortosa en excelencia | vi moruedre y a valencia | ques vna gentil madona | es vna rica corona | es muy noble e virtuosa…” (saw Tortosa in excellence | saw moruedre and valencia | gentle madona | is rich crown | is very noble and virtuous...). This work allows us to check the author's real culture, as we discover his readings from ancient authors that deal particularly with natural science and cosmology, the Bible and of the Holy Father, and shows a good understanding of news and geographical and historical data related to travel of his time. Surely, he knew Latin and presumably also Greek. He shows a good knowledge of the history of different places.

Written in prose and verse (couplets and quatrains high art of eight lines), in one or two columns, the content of the work is as follows: the dedication to the Great Captain, Alcaçar text, the text of the coronation, the text of the Declaration of the four fractions of the world, questioning the Pope and Christian kings, then the Declaration, a carol, the aforementioned poem in praise of Córdoba, and finally Philosopher verses.

To note the presence on the title page of an allegorical stamp which depicts a king and a queen talking with some companions, in the gardens of the rock castle the Alcaçar de la fama of the Great Captain, on which appears the Victoria, crowned and winged, strumming a trunk, all before the title, closed the set by woodcut pieces on the sides and at the bottom.

Pedro Tena Tena in his “Estudio de un desconocido relato de viaje a Tierra Santa” (Study of a travelogue unknown to the Holy Land) (Dicenda, 9 (1990), p. 187-203) aptly summarizes: “The little book begins with a prologue that serves to stimulate attention and encouragement to prepare the need to liberate the Holy Land. In this introduction, through an initial ‘Remember’, we can understand at first two receivers: One, collective and anonymous, set by the various readers and listeners, another recognized, the Great Captain. Earlier, in the aforementioned ‘questioning the Pope and Christian kings’, we see the same verb ‘agree’, along with other semantically similar, be used to refer to the pontiff and the various monarchs with the same goal of crusade. Therefore, we may assume that the verb in the preamble introducer, also serve to address some anonymous readers and listeners and Gonzalo Fernández de Cordoba, also continues alluding to that Holy Father and the same sovereign, this time as a target implicit”.

After this beginning, the author, using the procedure in medias res, the relationship begins its journey from Palestine itself. It can distinguish two distinct parts:
a) The pilgrimage to the Holy Land and Sinai, where Alonso Gómez de Figueroa, as a pilgrim, is discovering the reality sites with biblical references.
b) The return to the Iberian Peninsula (p. 192).


IBIC Rating:

AC History of art / art & design styles
ACN History of art & design styles: c 1400 to c 1600
ACND Renaissance art
AFF Drawing & drawings
AFH Prints & printmaking
AFJ Other graphic art forms
AFT Decorative arts
DNF Literary essays
DSBB Literary studies: classical, early & medieval
DSBD Literary studies: c 1500 to c 1800
HBG General & world history
HBJD European history
HBJF1 Middle Eastern history
HBLH Early modern history: c 1450/1500 to c 1700
HBTP Historical geography
HRC Christianity
WCS Antiques & collectables: books, manuscripts, ephemera & printed matter
WTLC Classic travel writing

1D Europe
1DSE Spain
1DSEA Andalucia, Autonomous Community
1DSEC Aragón, Autonomous Community
1DSET Valenciana, Autonomous Community
1FB Middle East
1FBH Israel
1FBJ Jordan
2ADS Spanish
3JB c 1500 to c 1600